You have been using the = character to name variables and set them to numbers or strings. We're now going to blow your mind again by showing you how to use = and a new Python word return to set variables to be a value from a function. There will be one thing to pay close attention to, but first type this in:
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def add(a, b): print "ADDING %d + %d" % (a, b) return a + b def subtract(a, b): print "SUBTRACTING %d - %d" % (a, b) return a - b def multiply(a, b): print "MULTIPLYING %d * %d" % (a, b) return a * b def divide(a, b): print "DIVIDING %d / %d" % (a, b) return a / b print "Let's do some math with just functions!" age = add(30, 5) height = subtract(78, 4) weight = multiply(90, 2) iq = divide(100, 2) print "Age: %d, Height: %d, Weight: %d, IQ: %d" % (age, height, weight, iq) # A puzzle for the extra credit, type it in anyway. print "Here is a puzzle." what = add(age, subtract(height, multiply(weight, divide(iq, 2)))) print "That becomes: ", what, "Can you do it by hand?"
We are now doing our own math functions for add, subtract, multiply, and divide. The important thing to notice is the last line where we say return a + b (in add). What this does is the following:
As with many other things in this book, you should take this real slow, break it down, and try to trace what's going on. To help there's extra credit to get you to solve a puzzle and learn something cool.
$ python ex21.py Let's do some math with just functions! ADDING 30 + 5 SUBTRACTING 78 - 4 MULTIPLYING 90 * 2 DIVIDING 100 / 2 Age: 35, Height: 74, Weight: 180, IQ: 50 Here is a puzzle. DIVIDING 50 / 2 MULTIPLYING 180 * 25 SUBTRACTING 74 - 4500 ADDING 35 + -4426 That becomes: -4391 Can you do it by hand?
This exercise might really whack your brain out, but take it slow and easy and treat it like a little game. Figuring out puzzles like this is what makes programming fun, so I'll be giving you more little problems like this as we go.